Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) use a battery and electric motor. These are used alone or in combination with a gas engine to propel the vehicle. All PEV batteries must be charged by plugging the vehicle in to an external power source. There are three main types of PEVs:
- Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
- A BEV uses only the energy stored in its rechargeable battery packs to power an electric motor. BEVs have a range of about 60 to 100 miles. BEVs include the Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi iMiev, Ford Focus Electric and Tesla Model S.
- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
- A PHEV uses an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. There are separate inputs into the vehicle drive train to propel the vehicle. It has a range of about 500 miles and requires 4 to 5 hours to charge. PHEVs include the Ford C-Max Energi and Toyota Plug-In Prius.
- Extended Range Electric Vehicles (EREV)
- EREVs have battery packs, allowing for all-electric driving for up to 40 miles. Once battery life is depleted, the vehicle uses a gas-powered generator to extend the driving range an additional 300-plus miles. EREVs include the Cadillac ELR and VIA Trux.
Today, consumers can choose from multiple major automakers that offer plug-in electric vehicles. UPPCO is only providing information and does not endorse or recommend any specific manufacturer or distributor. We do offer resources to help you learn more:
- Plug-In Vehicle Tracker – information about current and upcoming vehicles. Plug-In America tracks the progress of major auto manufacturers in the PEV market.
- GoElectricDrive – a complete look at the types of PEVs on the market and charging costs.
- Electric Drive Transportation Association – promotes electric drive technologies and infrastructure.
- Alternative Fuels Data Center – provides information, data, and tools for fleets and other transportation decisions makers.
- View and download Plugging In: A Consumer’s Guide to the Electric Vehicle from the Electric Power Research Institute.